dvisvgm Guide for TikZ Pictures with Pattern Filling

A quick note of the right commands for the conversion

Problem I had issues in getting a SVG from a TikZ picture containing a pattern filling: https://github.com/mgieseki/dvisvgm/issues/158. The reported issue was created last year, and it’s marked as fixed. Nonetheless, I had this issue even though my MikTeX was up-to-date. Discussion I wanted to confirm whether my dvisvgm.exe, which had been shipped with MikTeX, was latest. I first asked at https://github.com/mgieseki/dvisvgm/issues/184, but I was referred to MikTeX’s GitHub repository since it’s about the MikTeX-packaged version of this tool. [Read More]
LaTeX  dvisvgm  SVG 

Distance From a Line

TikZ figures for a derivation from dot product

Background A secondary school student posted a coordinate geometry question on a Discord homework help server. A helper replied to that question with an illustration of the Perpendicular Distance Formula $$ d((x_1,y_1), L) = \frac{\lvert Ax_1 + By_1 + C \rvert}{\sqrt{A^2 + B^2}}, $$ where $L$ is the line $Ax + By + C = 0$ without proof. Goal To provide an illustrated derivation of this formula. Recall A basic property of the dot product: the “algebraic definition” is equivalent to the “geometric definition”. [Read More]

Elementary Log Inequality

TikZ figures for some graphical proofs of this inequality

Goal Show that $$ \ln (x) \le x - 1 $$ for all $x > 0$. Proof by inverse functions Think about their reflection along the line $y = x$ (i.e. their inverse function). Then we get $$e^x \ge x + 1$$ for all $x \in \Bbb{R}$, which is obviously true. Proof by definite integrals Here’s a second proof using definite integrals. Case 1: x > 1 The rectangle $[1,x] \times [0,1]$ contains the region under the graph of the reciprocal $y = 1/x$ in the domain $[1,x]$. [Read More]

A Plot for Euler's Constant

My first PGF Plot for step functions

I firsted tried with foreach, but that would create so much paths. I found them difficult to operate on later, for example, with PGF plots library fillbetween. const plot is a better solution. \documentclass{standalone} \usepackage{pgfplots} \pgfplotsset{compat=1.18} \usetikzlibrary{patterns} \usepgfplotslibrary{fillbetween} \begin{document} \newcommand\myN{8} \pgfplotsset{ axis lines=center, legend style={at={(1,1)},anchor=north east,fill=none}, title style={at={(0.5,1.05)}}, every axis x label/.style={ at={(ticklabel* cs:1)}, anchor=west, }, every axis y label/.style={ at={(ticklabel* cs:1)}, anchor=south, }, } \begin{tikzpicture} \begin{axis}[ title={sum of hatched region converges to Euler's constant}, xlabel={$x$}, ylabel={$y$}, xmin=0, xmax={\the\numexpr\myN+2}, ymin=0, ymax=1. [Read More]

Simpler Diagram for Trigonometric Functions With Unit Circle

Background In my previous post about unit circle and trigonometric functions, I included a graph with three trigonometry functions. I’m quite satisfied with my TikZ picture. Problem Unluckily, a secondary school student found that my diagram was too complicated. Solution \documentclass[tikz,border=2pt]{standalone} \usepackage{pgfplots} \pgfplotsset{compat=1.18} \usetikzlibrary{calc} \newcommand\mytheta{110} %angle theta \begin{document} \begin{tikzpicture}[scale=2] \coordinate[label=left:$O$] (O) at (0,0); \coordinate[label=above left:${A = (\cos\theta, \sin\theta)}$] (A) at (\mytheta:1); \coordinate[label=below left:${B = (\cos(-\theta), \sin(-\theta))}$] (B) at (-\mytheta:1); \coordinate[label=right:$E$] (E) at (1,0); \draw (O) circle (1); \draw (A) -- (O) node [midway, left] {$1$} -- (E); \draw (B) -- (O); \draw[-stealth] ($(O)! [Read More]

Tikz Illustration for Triangle Inequality

I thought the code would be easy, but it turned out that I spent one hour and half to draw this figure. \documentclass[border=2pt,preview]{standalone} \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage{caption} \newcommand{\sideA}{2} \newcommand{\sideB}{3} \newcommand{\sideC}{6} \colorlet{myred}{red!40!yellow} \colorlet{mygreen}{green!40} \colorlet{myblue}{blue!20} \begin{document} \begin{figure} \centering \begin{tikzpicture}[thick] \coordinate (A) at (0,0); \coordinate (B) at (\sideC,0); \draw[<->,>=stealth,myred] (A) -- ++ (-\sideA, 0) node [pos=0.5,below] {$\color{myred}{a}$}; \draw[<->,>=stealth,mygreen] (B) -- ++ (\sideB, 0) node [pos=0.5,below] {$\color{mygreen}{b}$}; \draw[<->,>=stealth,myblue] (A) -- (B) node [pos = 0.5, below]{$\color{myblue}{c}$}; \draw[dashed,myred] (A) circle (\sideA); \draw[dashed,mygreen] (B) circle (\sideB); \end{tikzpicture} \captionsetup{labelformat=empty} \caption{triangle inequality ${\color{myred}{a}} + {\color{mygreen}{b}} > {\color{myblue}{c}}$ with $\color{myred}{a = \sideA}$, $\color{mygreen}{b = \sideB}$, $\color{myblue}{c = \sideC}$} \end{figure} \end{document} The colors are customized for the Discord bot TeXit. [Read More]

LaTeX Table Background Color for TeXit

Problem In my previous post about LaTeX tables, I used \cellcolor{white} to override the \rowcolor{cyan} in a cell in the leftmost column, which was the column type name. On Discord, that cell became black because TeXit inverted black and white. Discussion I first tried blending black and white, and I found that black!27 and black!28 give a good approximation to Discord’s background color. Thanks to this Discord Color Palette and a bot command channel on a server, I’ve observed that the desired color is RGB(54,57,62). [Read More]
LaTeX  TeXit 

Line Equation in Intercept Form

LaTeX code for a TikZ figure

This is a first draft of a TikZ picture illustraing this classical formula to be used for math help channels. Adding \caption{for the picture} without “Figure 1:” requires \usepackage{caption} and wrapping with \begin{figure}. It also possible to use the primitive TeX command \par, but it would be complicated to use that with standalone. In the previous post, the SVG picture from the LaTeX table in an article has too much useless whitespace around the table. [Read More]

LaTeX Multirow Multicol Table Coloring

Inspiration Number of two-digit numbers not containing the digit ‘8’. Code The standalone class can’t be used with \caption. *{8}{c} means 8 c. >{\columncolor{cyan}}c gives the column color. It \usepackage[table]{xcolor}. \rowcolor{cyan} overrides the column colors. \cellcolor{white} overrides the above two commands. It has to be carried out one-by-one without any fancy package. \multicolumn{n}{<alignment>}{content} defines a multi-column cell. \multirow{n}{*}{content} defines a multi-row cell. It \usepackage{multirow}. It can’t contain \multicolumn. \cline{i-j} draws a horizontal line above the row from column i to column j. [Read More]
LaTeX  table 

Dvisvgm's Issue With Fill Pattern

Goal Generate SVG file for TikZ graphics. Method TeX → PDF with PDFLaTeX PDF → SVG with dvisvgm -P filename Example: I generated a PGF plot from the source code on my personal template. Problem When I applied this method to the following TeX code in my previous post, dvisvgm -P returns a blank SVG. \documentclass[tikz,border=2pt]{standalone} \usepackage{pgfplots} \pgfplotsset{compat=1.6} \usetikzlibrary{patterns} \begin{document} \begin{tikzpicture} \begin{axis}[axis lines=center,legend style={at={(0.7,0.7)},anchor=south west}] \addplot [domain=-3:3, thick, smooth, yellow] { 1/sqrt(2*pi)*exp(-x^2/2) }; \addlegendentry{$y = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} e^{-x^2/2}$}; \addplot [dashed, yellow] coordinates {(1. [Read More]
LaTeX  dvisvgm  SVG