Ubuntu 18.04 Installation on Fujitsu AH557

Ubuntu installation on hybrid system

Objective

To get a hands-on experience on Ubuntu installation on a UEFI hybrid system.

Devices

  • 120 GB SSD disk: /dev/sda
  • 1 TB HDD disk: /dev/sdb
  • 8 GB USB key: /dev/sdc

Stage 0: precautions

  • Ensure that your machine has enough power.
  • Disable Secure Boot in M$ Windows
  • Disable Quick Boot in boot menu

Stage 1: Make your live USB key

I tried Xubuntu’s built-in disk writing tool to create a live USB key from the official ISO file. Like my Xubuntu 18.04 installation on Fujitsu LH532 , the installer crashed during the installation. After submitting the generated report to Launchpad, I found out that the cause for this crash: the integrity test for my live USB key had failed.

Thanks to UNetBootin, I created a live which passed that test.

Moral of the story: verify a live USB drive before installing OS.

Stage 2: Try a live session before installation

I’m sorry for the blurred photos showing the installer. I tried using G’MIC’s octave sharpening in GIMP, after shrinking them to 800 pixels. However, the results didn’t look good. I found keeping media files under 500 kB difficult for an article with a lot of photos.

SSD partition for Ubuntu install

SSD partition table

Partitioned a Fujitsu 120GB SSD drive

Partition Type Mount point Approximate Size
free space 1 MB
/dev/sda1 efi 500 MB
/dev/sda2 ext4 / 30 GB
free space rest of the disk

Device for boot loader installation: /dev/sda

HDD partition for Ubuntu install

HDD partition table

Partitioned a Fujitsu 1TB HDD drive

Partition Type Mount point Approximate Size
free space 1 MB
/dev/sdb1 ext4 /home 20 GB
free space rest of the disk
/dev/sdb4 ext4 /tmp 4 GB
/dev/sdb3 ext4 /var 4 GB
/dev/sdb2 swap 16 GB

The basic principle of this partitioning scheme is to place files neccessary for system startup into the SSD, and to keep frequently written files (e.g. system logs, temporary files, etc) and the home folder in the HDD. Regarding the swap, it’s twice the size of the RAM and I placed it at the end of the HDD. (In fact, the position of the swap doesn’t matter according to an Ask Ubuntu question.)

The 1 MB free space at the beginning of each disk was automatically created by the installer.

Since love is a commandment from the church I went last year, I type out the figures in the above photo so that the visually impaired can read them from a text browser (lynx, w3c, etc).

A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another.

John 13:34

Ubiquity installer

Ubuntu 18.04 installation process

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Despite the error message inside the black-and-white terminal from the installer, it didn’t pop up in a dialog box.

  1. Reboot the machine .
  2. Configure the boot menu (usually by pressing <F2> or <F12>)
  3. Choose ubuntu as the first option.
  4. Save and exit, then wait for reboot.

This allows the UEFI to load the installed Ubuntu OS without finding other bootable media.

As shown in the previous pictures, Ubuntu’s GRUB bootloader was installed in /dev/sda (i.e. the SSD). As a result, we see ubuntu instead of SSD.

Fujitsu AH557 UEFI

Fubjitsu AH557 UEFI

After boot menu configuration

Stage 3: Ubuntu’s warm welcome

After login, I was greeted with a series of messages after the installation.

SSD partition for Ubuntu install

SSD partition table

Partitioned a Fujitsu 120GB SSD drive

live patch

Technical details

In pictures

To boost the loading of this page, I’ve sacrificed the colors of the screenshot by adopting the indexed mode. You may view the original images on my Flickr album.

SSD partition scheme
HHD partition scheme
USB partition scheme

All photos and screenshots were taken on .

sudo fdisk -l

I format the output using tables so that it’s easier to read.

Disk info
Disk /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc
Size (GB) 111.8 931.5 7.6
Size (B) 120034123776 1000204886016 8178892800
#sectors 234441648 1953525168 15974400
Units sectors of 1 * 512 = 512B sectors of 1 * 512 = 512B sectors of 1 * 512 = 512B
Sector size (logical/physical): (B/B) 512 / 512 512 / 4096 512 / 512
I/O size (minimum/optimal): (B/B) 512 / 512 4096 / 4096 512 / 512
Disklabel type gpt gpt dos
Disk identifier E1CF8D05-E16E-40F2-BA52-21CA2D6CCB75 2C8ED1E6-261B-462F-A989-4198F16EDBD4 0xdb3ee8de
Partitions in disk order
Partitions on SSD
Device Start End Sectors Size Type
/dev/sda1 2048 976895 974848 476M EFI System
/dev/sda2 976896 60976895 60000000 28.6G Linux filesystem
Partitions on HDD
Device Start End Sectors Size Type
/dev/sdb1 2048 39999487 39997440 19.1G Linux filesystem
/dev/sdb2 1921525760 1953523711 31997952 15.3G Linux swap
/dev/sdb3 1913526272 1921525759 7999488 3.8G Linux filesystem
/dev/sdb4 1905526784 1913526271 7999488 3.8G Linux filesystem
Partitions on live USB key
Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type
/dev/sdc1 * 2048 15974399 15972352 7.6G c W95 FAT32 (LBA)

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