j— title: “Import Once in Julia” date: 2021-08-23T16:24:40+02:00 categories:

  • technical support tags:
  • julia draft: false


I’m reading Think Julia to repick the language again.

  • To import a package/module, we using Foo.
  • To run a script within the REPL, we include("foo.jl").

This is useful for user-defined functions, which are usually multi-line.


How to avoid importing a module/including a file twice?


Here’s a modified code from the book to give an example.

  1. polygon.jl depends on the module :ThinkJulia, and it defines a function which moves the object t along a polygon-shaped closed loop.
  2. circle.jl depends on the script polygon.jl, and it attempts to move the object t along a “circle”.
# polygon.jl
if !isdefined(Main, :ThinkJulia)
    using ThinkJulia

function polygon(t, n, len)
  angle = 360 / n
  for i in 1:n
      forward(t, len)
      turn(t, -angle)
# circle.jl
if !(@isdefined polygon) || !(typeof(polygon) <: Function)
    println("loaded polygon.jl")

function circle(t, r)
    circumference = 2 * π * r
    n = 50
    len = circumference / n
    polygon(t, n, len)


  1. <:(T1, T2) -> Bool is a function that returns true if T1 is a subtype of T2.
  2. isa(x, type) -> Bool is a function, e.g. :foo isa Symbol.
  3. eval() evaluates the expression inside. This can be used to get an object of type Module. Say typeof(:Main) is Symbol, but typeof(eval (:Main)) is Module.
  4. filter((x) -> f(x), arr) filters element from arr using the predicate f.

Reference: Stack Overflow question about variable checking

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